What is Title XIX?
Title XIX of the Social Security Act provides for federal grants to the states
for medical assistance programs. Originally enacted by the Social Security
Amendments of 1965 and Public Law 89-97, Title XIX was approved
July 30, 1965. Title XIX, popularly known as Medicaid, enables states
medical assistance to those who have insufficient incomes and resources to meet
the costs of necessary medical services
- rehabilitation and other services to help these families and individuals become
or remain independent and able to care for themselves
Each state has some sort of Medicaid program to meet the federal mandates and
requirements as laid out in Title XIX. Arkansas, however, established a medical
care program 26 years before passage of the federal laws requiring health care
for the needy: Section 7 of Act 280 of 1939 and Act 416 of 1977 authorized the
State of Arkansas to establish and maintain a medical care program for the
indigent and vested responsibility for regulating and administering the program
in the Arkansas Department of Human Services. This program receives federal
grants under Title XIX. Thus Arkansas Medicaid is a joint federal and state
program that provides necessary medical services to eligible persons who are
not able to pay for such services.
The Medicaid program was implemented in Arkansas January 1, 1970. The Arkansas
Department of Human Services administers the Medicaid program through the
Arkansas Division of Medical Services.
Individuals are certified as eligible for Medicaid services through the state's
county Human Services Offices or District Social Security Offices. The Social
Security Administration automatically sends SSI recipient information to DHS.